Essex County, MA

County

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2020 Population
787,038
0.429% 1-year growth
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
40.9
0% 1-year change
2020 Poverty Rate
10.1%
2.12% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$82,225
3.74% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$436,600
6.51% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
409,549
0.203% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Essex County, MA had a population of 787k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $82,225. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Essex County, MA grew from 783,676 to 787,038, a 0.429% increase and its median household income grew from $79,263 to $82,225, a 3.74% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (69.5%), Other (Hispanic) (8.81%), White (Hispanic) (8.76%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.42%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.22%).

None of the households in Essex County, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.4% of the residents in Essex County, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Essex County, MA are Salem State University (2,242 degrees awarded in 2020), Merrimack College (166850) (1,610 degrees), and Endicott College (1,361 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Essex County, MA was $436,600, and the homeownership rate was 63.8%.

Most people in Essex County, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County, MA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Whale watching in Gloucester

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Essex County, MA is home to a population of 787k people, from which 92.4% are citizens. As of 2018, 16.7% of Essex County, MA residents were born outside of the country (131k people).

In 2020, there were 7.89 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (547k people) in Essex County, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 69.3k Other (Hispanic) and 68.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

92.4%
2020 Citizenship
92.1%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 92.4% of Essex County, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Essex County, MA was 92.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Essex County, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    547k ± 678
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    69.3k ± 3.45k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    68.9k ± 2.9k
21.4%
Hispanic Population
169k people

In 2020, there were 7.89 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (547k people) in Essex County, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 69.3k Other (Hispanic) and 68.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

21.4% of the people in Essex County, MA are hispanic (169k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Essex County, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    98,663 ± 7,656 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    90,760 ± 7,347 people
  3. Brazil
    81,000 ± 6,946 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 98,663 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 90,760 and Brazil with 81,000.

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Foreign-Born Population

16.7%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
131k people
16.2%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
126k people

As of 2018, 16.7% of Essex County, MA residents (131k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Essex County, MA was 16.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Essex County, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    10,640 ± 767
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,328 ± 622
  3. Korea
    4,001 ± 427

Essex County, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.46 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Essex County, MA employs 410k people. The largest industries in Essex County, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (65,708 people), Retail Trade (45,101 people), and Manufacturing (43,587 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($103,068), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($82,485), and Utilities ($81,475).

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,870. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

410k
2020 Value
± 5,129
0.203%
1 Year growth
± 1.7%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Essex County, MA grew at a rate of 0.203%, from 409k employees to 410k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County, MA, are Management Occupations (50,116 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (43,298 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (41,038 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

410k
2020 Value
± 5,129
0.203%
1 Year growth
± 1.7%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Essex County, MA grew at a rate of 0.203%, from 409k employees to 410k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (65,708 people), Retail Trade (45,101 people), and Manufacturing (43,587 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County, MA, though some of these residents may live in Essex County, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$56,371
Median earning men ± $1,326
$37,872
Median earning women ± $888

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($90,694), Public Administration ($85,497), and Information ($80,912).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($58,696), Information ($58,243), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($57,772).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 7,605
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 4,777
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 3,831
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $14.7M
    Manufacturing
  2. $8.85M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $3.26M
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $37.4B
  2. $29.6B
  3. $28.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $37.4B, followed by Electronics ($29.6B) and Mixed freight ($28.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts.
$314B
2020 Value in Massachusetts
$627B
Projected 2050 Value in Massachusetts
99.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $314B. This is expected to increase 99.9% to $627B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31B
  2. $23.4B
  3. $14.9B

In 2020, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $31B, followed by New Hampshire with $23.4B and Connecticut and $14.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Essex County, MA went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 62.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.1%), followed by Other (1.7%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Essex County, MA awarded 8,432 degrees. The student population of Essex County, MA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 11,430 male students and 19,537 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Essex County, MA are White (5,655 and 69.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,185 and 14.5%), Black or African American (512 and 6.27%), and Unknown (366 and 4.48%).

The largest universities in Essex County, MA by number of degrees awarded are Salem State University (2,242 and 26.6%), Merrimack College (166850) (1,610 and 19.1%), and Endicott College (1,361 and 16.1%).

The most popular majors in Essex County, MA are General Business Administration & Management (518 and 6.14%), Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (432 and 5.12%), and Registered Nursing (335 and 3.97%).

The median tuition costs in Essex County, MA are $34,470 for private four year colleges, and $910 and $7,050 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Essex County, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 15.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 30,967 (36.9% men and 63.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 30,967 students enrolled in Essex County, MA, 36.9% men and 63.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 19,036 records, of which 63.4% were women and 36.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 260 degree-majors awarded
  2. 229 degree-majors awarded
  3. 281 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Essex County, MA was Registered Nursing with 260 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Essex County, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,242 degrees awarded
  2. 1,610 degrees awarded
  3. 1,361 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Salem State University with 2,242 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 3,328 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Essex County, MA, which is 0.652 times less than the 5,104 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 5,655 degrees mean that there were 4.77 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,185 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($34,470) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($10,765) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Measure

In 2020, 0.959% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.04% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.34M), Bachelors Degree (1.3M), and Some college (1.02M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Essex County, MA was $436,600 in 2020, which is 1.9 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $409,900 to $436,600, a 6.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Essex County, MA is 63.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Essex County, MA have an average commute time of 30.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Essex County, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Essex County, MA is $82,225. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Essex County, MA was Census Tract 2532.05 with a value of $222,115, followed by Census Tract 2543.01 and Census Tract 2532.03, with respective values of $215,833 and $181,750.

In 2021, 18.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.22%.

Property

$436,600
Median Property Value 2020
±$3,401
$189,708
Median Property Taxes
±$2,660

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Essex County, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

63.8%
Homeownership
2020
61.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 63.8% of the housing units in Essex County, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Essex County, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2532.05
  2. Census Tract 2543.01
  3. Census Tract 2532.03

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County, MA was Census Tract 2532.05 with a value of $222,115, followed by Census Tract 2543.01 and Census Tract 2532.03, with respective values of $215,833 and $181,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Essex County, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$82,225
Median Household Income
± $1,120
297k
Number of Households
± 4,189

In 2020, the median household income of the 297k households in Essex County, MA grew to $82,225 from the previous year's value of $79,263.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Essex County, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.48
2020 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.483
2019 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2020, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.544% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (73.7%)
  2. Carpooled (8.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.57%)

In 2020, 73.7% of workers in Essex County, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.4%) and those who worked at home (7.57%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County, MA have a longer commute time (30.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 4.37% of the workforce in Essex County, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County, MA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 18.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.22%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County, MA (78.1k out of 770k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 11.9% of the children was living in poverty in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 5.2%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 368 in Essex County, MA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator grew 8.37 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

97% of the population of Essex County, MA has health coverage, with 51% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 11.5% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 0.615% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Massachusetts was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Essex County, MA see 1354 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.28% increase from the previous year (1311 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1087 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 168 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Massachusetts. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Massachusetts, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,354 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Essex County, MA

Primary care physicians in Essex County, MA see an average of 1,354 patients per year. This represents a 3.28% increase from the previous year (1,311 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Massachusetts across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.9% under 18 years, 20.1% between 18 and 34 years, 40.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

2.98%
Uninsured
51%
Employer Coverage
20.9%
Medicaid
11.5%
Medicare
13.1%
Non-Group
0.615%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Essex County, MA declined by 1.7% from 3.04% to 2.98%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 31.9 in Essex County, MA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, MA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 26.1% in Essex County, MA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, MA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 3.81% in Essex County, MA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Essex County, MA.

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